Should You Refinance Your Mortgage To Pay Off Your Debt?

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The average American household has $ 92,727 in personal debt, according to Experian data – and if you’re in a similar situation, you may be looking for a way to consolidate your balances and save on interest.

One option that you can use if you are a homeowner is cash refinancing, but there are pros and cons to consider before taking this approach.

Here’s how to know if using a refinance with withdrawal to pay off high interest debt is right for you:

How refinancing your mortgage can help you pay off your debt

One of the main benefits of refinancing a mortgage to pay off debt is that you’ll pay less interest. Mortgage rates are much lower than rates for other consumer products like credit cards, personal loans, and private student loans.

How you use refinancing to pay off your debt depends on whether you are doing rate and term refinancing or cash flow refinancing.

Refinancing at rate and duration

Rate-and-term refinancing allows you to take out a mortgage with a new loan term, a new interest rate, or both. The old loan is paid off and you make payments on the new mortgage over time.

Ideally, you save money with a lower rate – and with those savings, you pay off your debt at a higher interest rate.

For example: Let’s say you want to refinance your home to pay off your credit card debt. You have a mortgage balance of $ 200,000 with an APR of 5% and a monthly payment of $ 1,690.

Refinancing into a new 30 year loan with a 3% rate can reduce your monthly payment to $ 1,240 per month. With the monthly savings of $ 450, you could pay off a $ 5,000 credit card balance in one year, assuming an 18% APR on the card.

Refinancing of collection

When you refinance with cash, you take out a new mortgage for more than you owe, pay off the original mortgage, and pocket the difference in cash. You can then use that money to pay off other debts.

To be eligible for a cash refinance, you must have sufficient home equity and meet credit requirements.

For example: Let’s say you have the same mortgage balance of $ 200,000, but this time you also have $ 10,000 in credit card debt. With cash refinancing, you will take out a new mortgage for $ 210,000 to cover both balances.

When the lender gives you the extra $ 10,000 in cash, you will use it to pay off your credit card balance.

See: Reasons for Refinancing With Withdrawal: How To Use Your Home Equity

How to qualify for cash-out refinancing

The qualifying requirements on a cash-out refinance differ from those on other refinances because you are borrowing against the equity in your home.

To qualify for refinancing with withdrawal, lenders typically verify that you have:

  • A credit score of 620 or higher
  • A debt-to-income ratio not exceeding 45%
  • Enough equity in your home so that you can keep 20% of the equity after refinancing

If you decide cash-out refinancing is right for you, be sure to compare as many options as possible to find a good deal. Credible makes it easy for you: you can compare multiple lenders and view personalized prequalified rates in just a few minutes.

Get the money you need and the rate you deserve

  • Compare lenders
  • Get money to pay off high interest debt
  • Prequalify in just 3 minutes

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Find out: What documents do you need to refinance your mortgage? A checklist

Advantages and disadvantages of refinancing to pay off debt

The most immediate benefit you get from refinancing is that you save money. But this decision can also impact your credit scores, and you’ll need to consider the costs involved. Consider these pros and cons before refinancing your home to pay off your debt.

Benefits

  • You could save money every month. When you use rate and term refinancing to consolidate your debt, you get a loan with a lower interest rate. The benefits are twofold: Not only do you save money on interest, but you also get a lower mortgage payment.
  • You could pay off the debt faster. Your other option is to use cash refinancing, which increases your mortgage payments, but allows you to pay off high interest balances quickly.
  • You could benefit from a tax advantage. The interest you pay on a mortgage is tax deductible if you qualify and itemize your deductions. Balances you pay off with refinancing, such as credit card debt, are generally not tax-efficient.

The inconvenients

  • You are using your house as collateral. When you use withdrawal refinancing to consolidate credit card debt, you are essentially converting unsecured debt to secured debt. Your mortgage payments will go up and if you can’t keep up with them, the bank could foreclose on your property.
  • Closing costs could eat into your savings. Do the math to see if the refinancing costs are worth it. Closing costs, which are fees you pay the lender to process the loan, cost around $ 5,000 on average. You can usually choose to pay these fees up front or transfer them to the new mortgage.
  • The loan could affect your credit scores. When you apply for refinancing, the lender does a thorough investigation of your credit reports. This could temporarily lower your credit scores. Refinancing also resets the average age of your credit history, which could also impact your credit.

Learn more: How To Get The Best Mortgage Refinance Rates

Should You Refinance To Pay Off Your Debt?

Refinancing a home loan to consolidate debt might make sense if you qualify for new loan terms that help save you money.

Here are some questions to ask yourself before applying:

  • What type of refinancing is right for me?
  • Am I eligible for refinancing?
  • If I refinance with cash out, can I afford the new mortgage payment?
  • If I refinance at rate and term, how much money do I save each month?
  • If I change the term of the mortgage, will I end up paying more interest overall? Am I okay with that?

Learn more:

Other ways to pay off debt

There are other ways to pay off debt without using your home as collateral. Start by figuring out how much you earn, how much of your income goes towards essential expenses, and how much you have left, which you can spend on your debt each month.

Next, consider the following strategies for paying off your debt. The best method depends on your financial situation or your preferences.

Get a balance transfer credit card

A balance transfer allows you to transfer multiple debt balances to a single credit card. Some come with a 0% introductory APR for an extended period, typically 12 to 21 months. If you can pay off the balance within that time, you can save money.

The interest rate usually increases after this introductory period, so if you have a balance left, your debt could get expensive.

This option also might not help much if you cannot consolidate all of your debts. You can benefit from different loan terms and the issuers can limit the amount you can transfer to the account.

Getting a debt consolidation loan

A debt consolidation loan is usually an unsecured personal loan that you pay off in installments, usually over three to five years. This can be a good option if you have one with good terms and prefer a predictable payment schedule.

Use the debt snowball method

It might not be worth consolidating debt if you have small balances that you can pay off in a year, or if you don’t qualify for a personal loan or credit card.

With the debt snowball method, you make the minimum payments on all of your debt each month, but you invest the extra money first for your smaller debt. Then move in order from the next smallest balance to the largest. You should gain momentum like a snowball rolling down a hill.

Using the debt avalanche method

Also a good option for people who don’t qualify for a loan or credit card, the Debt Avalanche Method saves you money on interest.

You make the minimum payments on all of your debts, but put your additional income on the balance with the higher interest rate. Once it’s paid off, keep moving to the balance with the highest interest rate until all of your debt is gone.

Consider a debt relief program

You might need professional financial help if you can’t pay off your monthly debt, can’t pay off your unsecured debt in a few years, or if your debt is more than half of your income.

Contact a nonprofit credit counseling organization. A licensed financial advisor can review your finances with you and help you develop a plan of attack.

If you’re still ready to refinance, Credible can help you find the latest rates for your next mortgage refinance. With Credible, you can compare multiple personalized rates from our partner lenders in minutes – it’s free, secure, and won’t affect your credit score.

About the Author

Kim porter

Kim porter

Kim Porter is an expert in credit, mortgages, student loans and debt management. She has been featured in US News & World Report, Reviewed.com, Bankrate, Credit Karma, and more.

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